This week we’re talking about eruption cysts. They are frequent in children who are in the eruptive process of deciduous teeth. Also in children who are in full phase of replacement of the milk dentition for the final.

The eruption cyst is one that develops in the soft tissues that have separated from the dental crown. It forms part of the dental follicle, covers the crown of the tooth and the alveolar bone.

This type of cyst has its origin in an increase in the deposition of collagen fibers in the gingival connective tissue. This causes the gum covering the erupting tooth to be harder and therefore less permeable. The result is often a mechanical obstacle that hinders the appearance of the new tooth in the mouth.

Clinically we can identify it with the naked eye. It results in a well-defined inflammation of the area of ​​the gum that covers a tooth close to its eruption both definitive and deciduous. The zones where its appearance is more frequent are those that correspond to the areas of the upper and lower incisors. Also the zone of the first definitive molars. This type of cysts can be observed more frequently in children under 10 years.

When the area of ​​the cyst is traumatized by successive nibbling or light strokes in the area, they acquire a bluish violet color. This is not important and is known as an eruptive hematoma. In many occasions these continuous traumas, pour to the outside the content of the cystic vesicle accompanied by abundant bleeding. This also has no relevant clinical importance. This rupture facilitates the eruption of the tooth in question.

If it is the case that the cyst ruptures spontaneously as a result of the trauma, the treatment of it is usually unnecessary. In this case, supervision and supervision by a dental professional is recommended.

In addition, preventive measures should be taken to avoid lacerations of the open mucosa:

  • Abundant washing with water,
  • Cold food
  • Caution when brushing.

If, on the other hand, it persists, it usually causes discomfort in the children and a delay in the logical and expected eruptive process. This makes it necessary for the child to go to a dental service to proceed to the realization of a small cut that facilitates the eruption of the tooth. With this the cystic content is evacuated. If the child suffers a first cyst, it is expected that some other cyst may occur during the eruption phases of the milk dentition or during the replacement. For this reason from SJD Dentistas, we want to keep you informed of this common situation in children. If you are in this situation, you have doubts or do not know what to do with the little one in the house, go to our clinics. He will be evaluated and you will be properly oriented and informed.

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